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domingo, 23 de julio de 2017

REGLAS ORTOGRÁFICAS PARA AÑADIR ING

Mónica aquí te envío las reglas del ING. Sigue estudiando, lo estás haciendo muy bien.

REGLAS ORTOGRÁFICAS DEL ING

1- Si el verbo termina en E, se quita la E y se agrega ING

ride              riding
dive             diving
dance           dancing
come            coming
take              taking

PERO

see                seeing

2- Si el verbo termina en IE se cambia la IE por Y y se agrega ING

lie                 lying
die                dying

3- Si es un monosílabo terminado en vocal más consonante, se dobla la consonante antes de agregar ING

sit               sitting
run              running

PERO

stay             staying
snow           snowing
fix               fixing

4- Si son bisílalos terminados en vocal más consonante y se pronuncian como palabra aguda, doblan la consonante antes de añadir ING, pero si el acento no cae en la última sílaba, no.

beging         beginning
refer             referring

PERO

listen           listening

viernes, 21 de julio de 2017

CHULETA (PAPELITO PARA COPIAR EN UN EXAMEN)

Alicia quiere saber como se dice "chuleta" en inglés.
Me gustaría aclarar que en español varía mucho de un país a otro. Por ejemplo

Argentina: machete
México: acordeón
Costa Rica : forro (cuidado también es un término grosero) También se le llama así al preservativo pero en forma vulgar.
Perú: comprimido
Uruguay: ferrocarril
Chile: torpedo
Colombia: pastel

En inglés nos podemos encontrar con estos términos

CRIB SHEET
CRIB NOTES
CRIB PAPER
ROUGH PAPER (in UK)
GYP SHEET (in USA)
CHEAT SHEET (in AUSTRALIA)

Sin duda hay muchos más. Se agradecen aportaciones

domingo, 16 de julio de 2017

EXAM OR TEST

Algunas frases alrededor de los exámenes.

Hacer un examen
Take / do an exam

Sit an exam
Hacer un examen(en UK)

Poner un examen
Give a test

Aprobar un examen
Pass an exam

Suspender un examen
Fail an exam

Aprobar justito o raspado
Barely pass

Aprobar sobrado
Ace an exam

Oposición
Exam for Public Service

Opositar
Sit for an official exam
Put up opposition





viernes, 14 de julio de 2017

REWRITING

REWRITING


1.- The coffee was so hot I couldn’t drink it.
The

2.- Jake works less than Peter.
Peter

3.- She is such a good singer that everybody wants to see her.
The singer

4.- Have you got any cheaper shoes than these?
Are these?

5.- All his classmates study harder than him.
He doesn't

6.- Her anger is increasing.
She is getting

7.- Raspberries and blackberries are more expensive than strawberries.
Strawberries

8.- I have never known such an interesting person.
He is

9.- I am older than Mike.
Mike


10 .-My children are too young to vote.
My children

11.- It was the worst film I have ever seen.
I have never seen

12.- She isn’t as intelligent as her sister.
Her sister

13.- I have never seen such a boring show.
It's

14.- Swimming is better than walking.
Walking isn't

15.- English isn’t as difficult to learn as Chinese.
Chinese

SO MUCH AND TOO MUCH

SO MUCH AND TOO MUCH


SO MUCH, se traduce como tan o tanto/a. Se utiliza con sustantivos incontables.

Ejemplo:

Tom drinks so much coffee that he can't sleep.

TOO MUCH, se traduce como demasiado. Se utiliza con sustantivos incontables.

Ejemplo:

There is too much rice in this jar, we only need a cup of it.

jueves, 13 de julio de 2017

SO AND TOO

SO AND TOO

La diferencia entre so y too es el significado de cada uno.

SO significa "TAN"

TOO significa "DEMASIADO"

Ella está demasiado cansada para trabajar.
She is too tired to work.

Ella está tan cansada que no puede trabajar.
She is so tired that she can't work


miércoles, 12 de julio de 2017

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

FRASES CONDICIONALES

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Estas frases se utilizan para indicar una condición.
Algo tiene que suceder para que otra acción se realice.

Se utiliza la conjunción IF (si).

Varía según el tiempo verbal.
Pueden ser de:

Tipo 0
Tipo 1
Tipo 2
Tipo 3

CONDICIONAL DE TIPO CERO

Se utilizan para describir verdades universales. Algo que siempre ocurre si la condición se cumple.

La estructura es:

IF + SUJETO + VERBO EN PRESENTE SIMPLE + SUJETO + VERBO EN PRESENTE
SIMPLE

If you heat water to 100ºC it bloils.

(Si calientas agua a 100º esta hierve.)

CONDICIONAL DE TIPO UNO

Se utiliza para describir acciones que son muy probables que sucedan.

IF + SUJETO + VERBO EN PRESENTE SIMPLE + SUJETO + VERBO EN FUTURO
 SIMPLE


If you practise a lot you will play the piano well
(Si practicas mucho tocarás bien el piano)

CONDITIONAL DE TIPO DOS

Se utiliza para describir acciones que quisiéramos que ocurrieran pero que hay pocas posibilidades que sucedan.

Estructura

IF + SUJETO + VERBO EN PASADO SIMPLE + SUJETO + VERBO EN
 CONDICIONAL SIMPLE

If I won the lottery I would buy a new house
(Si ganara la lotería me compraría una casa nueva)

CONDICIONAL DE TIPO TRES

Se utiliza para describir acciones que no podemos cambiar.

ESTRUCTURA

IF + SUJETO + VERBO EN PASADO PERFECTO + SUJETO + VERBO EN
 CONDICIONAL PERFECTO

If I had been Napoleón I wouldn´t have gone to Waterloo

(Si hubiera sido Napoleón yo no hubiera ido a Waterloo)

REPHRASING

REPHRASING


Here you can find 10 sentences to rephrase using conditional.
(you can send them to be corrected)


1. Press this button to stop the machine.
If you



2. Don't let the baby play with your computer. He can break it.
If you

3. We don't have central heating, so the house is quite cold.
If we

4. I didn't go to the gym yesterday because I had a headache.
If I

5. I don't have a bicycle so I can't bike to work.
If I

6. We will arrive late to the meeting if the taxi doesn’t come soon.
Unless

7. I didn't know, that’s why I didn't tell you.
I

8. You drink too much coffee, that's why you can't sleep.
If you

9. Unless you pay me, I won't finish the job.
I won't

10. If you heat ice, it turns to water.
Ice

martes, 11 de julio de 2017

PREFER

PREFER


1) PREFER se usa en correlación con TO (si usamos gerundio) o con RATHER THAN (si usamos infinitivo con to)

I prefer swimming to running (prefiero nadar a correr)
I prefer to swim rather than run (prefiero nadar a correr)

2) WOULD RATHER se usa en correlación conTHAN.

I would rather swim than run (prefiero nadar a correr)

3) WOULD PREFER se usa en correlación con RATHER THAN

I would prefer to swim rather than run (prefiero nadar a correr)





lunes, 10 de julio de 2017

SO AND SUCH

SO AND SUCH

Ambos se utilizan para dar énfasis a los adjetivos o los sustantivos con adjetivos.

So va seguido de adjetivo
Such va seguido de sustantivo o adjetivo junto a un sustantivo.

La traducción es "tan"

Ejemplos:

I didn't enjoy the book, the story was so stupid.
I didn't enjoy the book, it was such a stupid story






domingo, 2 de julio de 2017

FASHION

Antonella aquí te envío el texto. Mucha suerte.

The Italian awakening to the world of fashion, as if it were a sleeping giant,( it) quitar it occurs in the decade of the 60, where it would lay the foundations of those that would become for the whole world from the (years) quitar years 70's, "the country of the wonderful", "the Cradle of Fashion”
In the decades of 1970 and 1980, Milan is consolidated as the Neuralgic center of Italian fashion, and it begins to spread throughout the world.
This independent and culture-faithful life has made Italian fashion unique, essentially different from Paris, London and New York.
Italian is arguably the most knowledgeable in all of Europe, its taste for art and aesthetics give it a unique taste and unsurpassed elegance.
Italian fashion meets all the ( indispensable ) essential requirements to be the best in the world. His designs have the necessary artistic touch, without falling into dramatic or useless exaggerations, thus achieving the right point for his garments to be desired and usable in various fields.
The city welcomes, in the so-called "golden quadrilateral of Fashion", jewelleries, boutiques of design and decoration and workshops of the most important fashion firms.
Named because it is delimited by four streets – via Monte Napoleone, via Alessandro Manzoni, via della Spiga and Corso Venezia – the "quadrilateral of fashion" is considered the quintessential neighborhood where you can find the extraordinary creations of the best Italian and foreign designers.

The heart of the neighborhood is via Monte Napoleone, considered one of the most expensive and prestigious streets in the world, comparable to the Fifth Avenue of New York and the Avenue of the Champs Elysées in Paris.
Fashion Week in Milan is one of the most anticipated events of the year by fashion fans all over the world. The great Italian firms present their collections in the most elegant city of Italy.
The great designers who have given us this country over the years have emerged from there: Karl Lagerfeld, Missoni, Gucci, Armani, Moschino, Dolce & Gabbana and Versace.
Italian apparel designers and firms have earned a place in the world of haute couture by making elegant, luxurious, glamorous and cutting-edge pieces.
Italian fashion is very fluid, elegant, versatile and colorful. Although the designs conform to the standards of European fashion, they manage to give a colorful, tropical touch to their pieces, thereby captivating a great clientele.
Muchas gracias.


M. Antonella Castronuovi