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domingo, 15 de abril de 2018

FRASES CONDICIONALES /CONDITIONAL SENTENCES


FRASES CONDICIONALES

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Estas frases se utilizan para indicar una condición.
Algo tiene que suceder para que otra acción se realice.

Se utiliza la conjunción IF (si). También podemos encontrar WHETHER (si)

Varía según el tiempo verbal.
Pueden ser de:

Tipo 0
Tipo 1
Tipo 2
Tipo 3

CONDICIONAL DE TIPO CERO

Se utilizan para describir verdades universales. Algo que siempre ocurre si la condición se cumple.

La estructura es:

IF + SUJETO + VERBO EN PRESENTE SIMPLE + SUJETO + VERBO EN PRESENTE SIMPLE

If you heat water to 100ºC it bloils.

(Si calientas agua a 100º esta hierve.)

CONDICIONAL DE TIPO UNO

Se utiliza para describir acciones que son muy probables que sucedan.

IF + SUJETO + VERBO EN PRESENTE SIMPLE + SUJETO + VERBO EN
 FUTURO SIMPLE


If you practise a lot you will play the piano well
(Si practicas mucho tocarás bien el piano)

CONDITIONAL DE TIPO DOS

Se utiliza para describir acciones que quisiéramos que ocurrieran pero que hay pocas posibilidades que sucedan.

Estructura

IF + SUJETO + VERBO EN PASADO SIMPLE + SUJETO + VERBO EN
 CONDICIONAL SIMPLE


If I won the lottery I would buy a new house
(Si ganara la lotería me compraría una casa nueva)

CONDICIONAL DE TIPO TRES

Se utiliza para describir acciones que no podemos cambiar.

ESTRUCTURA

IF + SUJETO + VERBO EN PASADO PERFECTO + SUJETO + VERBO
 EN CONDICIONAL PERFECTO


If I had been Napoleón I wouldn´t have gone to Waterloo

(Si hubiera sido Napoleón yo no hubiera ido a Waterloo)

lunes, 9 de abril de 2018

sábado, 7 de abril de 2018

ADJETIVOS TERMINADOS EN "ING" O "ED"



ADJETIVOS TERMINADOS EN "ING" O "ED"

¿Sabes la diferencia entre los adjetivos terminados en ED o en ING.
Se utilizan para expresar sentimientos.
Hay adjetivos que tienen las dos terminaciones, -ed y -ing, por ejemplo bored y boring, que tienen significados diferentes y que por tanto, conviene conocer su diferencia:
I am bored
Cuando digo “bored”, acabado en -ed, es la persona que está aburrida.
The film was boring
Aquí, sin embargo, boring, con -ing, se refiere a “the film”, que no es una persona, sino una cosa.
Por tanto, podemos afirmar que -ed para personas y -ing para cosas o situaciones. Es cierto que a veces también utilizamos -ing para personas.
Debes tener en cuenta que la terminación -ing indica una cualidad permanente, mientras que -ed es temporal. Si yo digo: I’m a boring person significa que soy una persona aburrida, lo soy siempre, es permanente, por eso, ing. Pero si digo I’m bored indica que estoy aburrido, es temporal, es sólo ahora.
Un truco, para que os resulte más fácil, si lo traducimos por “estar”, necesitamos -ed, y si lo traducimos por “ser”, entonces -ing. Hagamos la prueba:
I am bored
Yo estoy aburrido
The film was boring
La película fue aburrida
Otro ejemplo:
My friend is bored
Mi amigo/a está aburrido/a.
My friend is boring
Mi amigo/a es aburrido/a.


jueves, 5 de abril de 2018

OBESITY IN THE USA


OBESITY IN THE USA


Adapted from www.nytimes.com

Last Tuesday federal health authorities reported a 43 percent drop in the obesity rate among 2- to 5-year-old children over the past decade. The drop emerged from a major federal health survey that experts say is the gold standard for evidence on what Americans weigh. The trend came as a welcome surprise to researchers. New evidence has shown that obesity takes hold young: children who are overweight or obese at 3 to 5 years old are five times as likely to be overweight or obese as adults. This is the first broad decline in an epidemic that often leads to lifelong struggles with weight and higher risks for cancer, heart disease and stroke. A smattering of states have reported modest progress in reducing childhood obesity in recent years, and last year the federal authorities noted a slight decline in the obesity rate among lowincome children. But the figures on Tuesday showed a sharp fall in obesity rates among all 2- to 5- year-olds, offering the first clear evidence that America’s youngest children have turned a corner in the obesity epidemic. There was little consensus on why the decline might be happening, but many theories. Children now consume fewer calories from sugary beverages than they did in 1999. More women are breast-feeding, which can lead to a healthier range of weight gain for young children. Federal researchers have also chronicled a drop in overall calories for children in the past decade, down by 7 percent for boys and 4 percent for girls, but health experts said those declines were too small to make much difference. Barry M. Popkin, a researcher at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill who has tracked American food purchases in a large data project, said families with children had been buying lowercalorie foods over the past decade, a pattern he said was unrelated to the economic downturn. He credited those habits, and changes in the federally funded Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children, for the decline in obesity among young children. The program, which subsidizes food for low-income women, reduced funding for fruit juices, cheese and eggs and increased it for whole fruits and vegetables. Another possible explanation is that some combination of state, local and federal policies aimed at reducing obesity is starting to make a difference. Michelle Obama, the first lady, has led a push to change young children’s eating and exercise habits and 10,000 child care centers across the country have signed on. The news announcement from the C.D.C. included a remark from Mrs. Obama: “I am thrilled at the progress we’ve made over the last few years in obesity rates among our youngest Americans.

martes, 3 de abril de 2018

sábado, 31 de marzo de 2018

HOLY SATURDAY

HOLY SATURDAY


What is Holy Saturday?

Holy Saturday or the Black Saturday, is the final day of the Holy Week just before Easter.
It takes place right after Good Friday and marks the day Jesus’ body was placed into his tomb after dying on the cross.
It is also the third day of the Easter Triduum which begins with the Lord’s Supper on Maundy 
Holy Saturday is also the day of the Easter Vigil, when Christians all across the world will wait in the late evening hours for the resurrection of Christ.
Liturgically Holy Saturday only lasts till 6pm or dusk, after which the Easter Vigil takes over and the Easter season starts.

viernes, 30 de marzo de 2018

EASTER VOCABULARY


EASTER VOCABULARY



ASH WEDNESDAY                                    MIÉRCOLES DE CENIZA
LENT                                                           CUARESMA
LENTEN SEASON                                     CUARESMA
EASTER                                                      PASCUA
EASTER BREAK                                        VACACIONES DE SEMANA SANTA
HAPPY EASTER                                         FELIZ SEMANA SANTA
HOLY WEEK                                               SEMANA SANTA
PALM SUNDAY                                          DOMINGO DE RAMOS
MAUNDY THURSDAY                              JUEVES SANTO
HOLY THURSDAY                                     JUEVES SANTO
GOOD FRIDAY                                           VIERNES SANTO
HOLY SATURDAY                                     SÁBADO SANTO O SÁBADO DE GLORIA
EASTER SUNDAY                                     DOMINGO DE PASCUA
EASTER MASS                                          MISA DE PASCUA
PALM                                                          PALMA
EASTER BUNNY                                       CONEJITO DE PASCUA
GOD FATHER                                            PADRINO
GOD MOTHER                                          MADRINA
GODSON                                                    AHIJADO
GODDAUGTHER                                      AHIJADA
BUN                                                            BOLLO
ROLL                                                          ROSCA DE PASCUA



Resultado de imagen de EASTER BUNNY

jueves, 29 de marzo de 2018

GOOD FRIDAY


GOOD FRIDAY


Good Friday is a Christian tradition to mark the day when Jesus Christ, the son of God, was nailed to the cross. This is often known as crucification of Lord Jesus.
If this is the day Jesus died, why is it called Good Friday?
Some believe that Good Friday evolved from God Friday, which is what the day was called initially. Some believe that  the good about Good Friday is that Jesus gave up his life for his people and then came back on Easter, proving that he indeed was son of God.
Did you know?
It is a tradition to eat hot cross buns with cross icing this day.
Some people believe that bread baked on Good Friday will never rot.
There are some that say, eggs laid on Good Friday will never go bad.







domingo, 25 de marzo de 2018

PALM SUNDAY

PALM SUNDAY


Palm Sunday begins today, marking the first day of Holy Week in the Christian calendar. Millions of Christians around the world will take part in church services today, as well as completing activities and singing songs to observe the day and pay their respects to Jesus. What is Palm Sunday?

Read more: http://metro.co.uk/2016/03/20/palm-sunday-2016-what-is-it-facts-songs-and-activities-for-kids-5762096/?ito=cbshare
Twitter: https://twitter.com/MetroUK | Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MetroUK/

Palm Sunday marks the day Jesus arrived in Jerusalem on a donkey, just a few days before he was betrayed by his friend Judas Iscariot, one of the 12 apostles, put on trial and sentenced to death by crucifixion. The day is called ‘Palm Sunday’ because the people of Jerusalem threw palm leaves to the floor as a greeting when he arrived. Nowadays Palm Sunday is commemorated by a ritual procession of people carrying palm branches, or if these are not available, branches from yew, willow and olive trees into church. For this reason Palm Sunday is sometimes called Branch Sunday. These palms are then blessed, and sometimes fashioned into crosses. Palm Sunday is always the Sunday before Easter and is also the final day of lent.

Palm Sunday 2016: What is it? Facts, songs and activities for kids

domingo, 18 de marzo de 2018

THE MOTTO OF EUROPEAN UNION


The motto of the European Union is, "united in diversity."

The motto of the Union is ‘united in diversity’. Like the other symbols, the motto clearly highlights the sense of European identity that is the birthright of every citizen of the Union, over and above the actual European Union. The preamble to the Treaty, in which the term ‘united in diversity’ is used in the fifth recital, goes some way towards interpreting the meaning of the motto set out in Article I-8 of the Constitutional Treaty. Let us consider the two words used in the European Union motto: ‘united’ and ‘diversity’.
The term 'united in diversity' refers to Europe, its values and its cultural, religious and humanist heritage. These are values that place two protagonists at the centre of social life: on the one hand, man and his rights and, on the other, the respect for law. For the purposes of interpreting the motto, the most illuminating passage of the preamble is to be found in the fourth recital, which states that the peoples of Europe, while remaining proud of their own national identities and history, are determined to transcend their former divisions and, united ever more closely, to forge a common destiny.
This phrase clearly explains both the notion of unity and the notion of diversity. The concepts expressing unity are not new. They recall, and appropriately take up, the formula of ‘ever closer union’ included in the preamble to the Treaty on European Union. The path towards ever closer ties is gradual and proceeds — as heralded right from the Schuman Declaration of 9 May 1950 — from concrete achievements that create actual solidarity. However, ‘unity’ is not an end in itself but has a specific goal: forging a ‘common destiny’. The notion of ‘diversity’ is nevertheless also explained. It lies in the strong call for peoples to be proud of their national identities and history and for the respect of everyone’s rights.

sábado, 17 de marzo de 2018

SAINT PATRICK


SAINT PATRICK

 

Lego Professor of Play hired by Cambridge University.


Lego Professor of Play hired by Cambridge University.


One of the world's best universities is planning to hire a professor - of Lego.

The lucky candidate will be the head of their own research department at prestigious University of Cambridge.
Officials say the role is expected to be created within the Faculty of Education after the university received £4 million of donations from the Lego Foundation.
Cambridge's general board has recommended for the Lego professorship "of play in education, development and learning"
The professor will be director of the Research Centre on Play in Education, Development and Learning.
A board of electors will be selected to chose from the candidates for the post whose work must fall "within the general field of the title of the office." 



sábado, 10 de marzo de 2018

MESSAGE IN A BOTTLE

MESSAGE IN A BOTTLE

A family found on a beach in Australia a bottle with a message inside that a ship threw overboard in 1886. It is the oldest find of this type that is known so far.
They noticed that there was something written in the note with a date of June 12, 1886 and the name of the ship, Paula.

Dr. Ross Anderson, assistant curator of Maritime Archeology at the Perth Museum, confirmed that the finding was genuine after consulting colleagues in Germany and the Netherlands.

Incredibly, a search of archives in Germany found the original meteorological diary of the ship Paula and there was a note for June 12, 1886 made by the captain, registering a bottle with a message inside thrown overboard. "



domingo, 25 de febrero de 2018

¿GORDITO?

¿GORDITO?

En inglés hay muchas formas de decir que alguien es o está gordo. Todo tiene que ver con la confianza que se tenga con la persona con la que se está hablando. Hay algunas formas que son ofensivas. Aquí pongo algunas y como siempre espero comentarios y alguna palabra que se puede agregar

lump /plʌmp/ regordete

Round /raʊnd/ rellenito

Embonpoint /ɑ̃bɔ̃pwɛ̃/ rollizo

Roly Poly entrado en carnes

Well fed bien alimentado (irónico)

Chubby /ˈtʃʌbɪ/ regordete

Fatty /ˈfætɪ/ gordito , pero es peyorativo

Fatso /ˈfætsəʊ/ gordo, ofensivo

Podge /pɒdʒ/ gordito y bajito (UK)

Pudge /ˈpʌdʒɪ/ gordito y bajito (US)

Buxom /ˈbʌksəm/ regorta, sólo para mujeres y con pechos grandes. Se suele decir jamona (ofensivo)

Tubby /ˈtʌbɪ/ regordete pero especialmente barriga grande. Barrigón.

Potbelly /ˈpɒtˌbɛlɪ/ barrigón

Retund  /rəʊˈtʌnd/ rechoncho

Overweight /ˌəʊvəˈweɪt/ con sobrepeso




domingo, 12 de noviembre de 2017

viernes, 3 de noviembre de 2017

MUST / HAVE TO

MUST / HAVE TO


"Must" y "Have to" expresan una obligación. A veces se pueden utilizar indistintamente (especialmente con la primera persona donde prácticamente tienen el mismo sentido), no obstante existen ciertas diferencias.

"Must" se utiliza con el tiempo presente y futuro.
"Have to" con pasado, presente y futuro.



Autoridad externa
Autoridad del emisor
Pasado
Had to
Had to
Presente
Have to
Must
Futuro
Will have to
Must

"Must": el emisor impone una obligación.
"Have to": el emisor no impone ninguna obligación, se limita a comunicar una obligación que existe.

  • (Teacher) You must do your homework (El profesor impone el deber de hacer los deberes)
  • (Student) I have to do my homework (El estudiante se limita a comunicar una obligación que le ha sido impuesta)

Forma Negativa
Cuando la oración es negativa el significado de estos dos verbos es diferente:
"Mustn't": no se debe hacer algo, está prohibido.
Don't have to”: no es necesario hacer algo

jueves, 2 de noviembre de 2017

WOULD RATHER

Cómo se dice en inglés "yo prefiero"? El verbo preferir en inglés (prefer) suele causar bastante confusión ya que existen diversas formas para expresar la preferencia en este idioma. A continuación os explicamos qué estructuras se han de utilizar.
1) PREFER.

Para hablar de preferencias en general, usamos el verbo prefer seguido de verbo con -ing o de infinitivo con to sin que cambie el significado.
I prefer buying online = I prefer to buy online (prefiero comprar por internet)

- También podemos indicar que preferimos una cosa a otra con la siguiente estructura:
Sujeto+ prefer+ sustantivo+ to + sustantivo
I prefertea to coffe (prefiero el té al café)

- Para decir que preferimos hacer una cosa a hacer otra podemos usar las siguientes estructuras:
Sujeto + prefer + verbo con -ing + TO + verbo con -ing
I prefer going to the cinema to staying at home. (prefiero ir al cine a quedarme en casa)

Sujeto + prefer+ infinitivo con to + RATHER THAN + infinitivo sin to
I prefer to read rather than watch TV (prefiero leer a ver la televisión)


2) WOULD RATHER.

Significa prefiero o preferiría y va seguido de infinitivo sin to(bare infinitive).
Shall we go shopping? I would rather go to the cinema. (¿Vamos de compras? Prefiero / preferiría ir al cine)
Forma abreviada: I'd rather go out (prefiero / preferiría salir)

Para decir que preferimos hacer una cosa a hacer otra usamos la siguiente estructura:
Sujeto + would rather + infinitivo sin to + THAN+ infinitivo sin to
She would rather go out than stay at home. (ella prefiere/ preferiría salir a quedarse en casa)


3) WOULD PREFER.

También significa prefiero o preferiría y va seguido de infinitivo con to. Es más formal que would rather.
Shall we go shopping? I would prefer to go to the cinema. (¿Vamos de compras? Prefiero / preferiría ir al cine)
Forma abreviada: I'd prefer to go out (prefiero / preferiría salir)

Para decir que preferimos hacer una cosa a hacer otra usamos la siguiente estructura:
Sujeto + would prefer + infinitivo con to + RATHER THAN + infinitivo sin to
They would prefer to travel to London rather than go skiing. (ellos prefieren / preferirían viajar a Londres que ir a esquiar)

¡Cuidado!
- Después de than o rather than siempre va un infinitivo sin to (bare infinitive)
(Prefiero viajar en tren a conducir)
I prefer to travel by train rather than drive.
I would rather travel by train than drive.
I would prefer to travel by train rather than drive.

-Prefer en pasado dobla la r.
When he was a child, he preferred chocolate to crisps (de niño prefería el chocolate a las patatas fritas)

RESUMEN

1) PREFER se usa en correlación con TO (si usamos gerundio) o con RATHER THAN (si usamos infinitivo con to)
I prefer swimming to running (prefiero nadar a correr)
I prefer to swim rather than run (prefiero nadar a correr)

2) WOULD RATHER se usa en correlación con THAN.
I would rather swim than run (prefiero nadar a correr)

3) WOULD PREFER se usa en correlación con RATHER THAN

I would prefer to swim rather than run (prefiero nadar a correr)